what colour undercoat to use

What Colour Undercoat to Use in 2022? (DIY UK Guide)

Choosing an undercoat colour may not seem important because it stays hidden beneath the topcoat. So, why does the colour matter?

Experience tells me that certain paints deal with UV light better than others. And deciding what colour undercoat to use will determine how fast the pigment fades. Join me as we look at the best undercoat colour options in 2022.


What Colour Undercoat to Use

woman hand holding paint roller in blue paint tray that have white paint

Deciding on a suitable colour undercoat depends on several factors like surface quality, heat absorption, whether there’s existing paint and UV light. Let’s take a more detailed look:


When Should I Use a Light Undercoat?

Lighter undercoats help neutralise bold colours. However, it only works when you’re transitioning from dark to light. So if you want to cover a brown wall, paint it with a white undercoat first, and you’ll have a blank canvas ready for painting. 

A White undercoat reflects light, which is perfect for covering smooth surfaces, and it helps keep your room cool in the summer months. 

Furthermore, lighter colours give your room an airy feel, making them seem larger. Removing shadows expands the space, tricking the eye. However, too much white can seem cold and impersonal. 

You might also consider a lighter undercoat if you’ve got pets and children. White walls are easier to keep clean because every stain is highlighted. While it’s an advantage for your cleaning regime, it also means you’ll be cleaning for longer than it takes to paint the Forth road bridge! 


When Should I Use a Dark Undercoat?

There’s a danger that using a white undercoat weakens the depth of colour when painting a dark wall with a different, darker pigment. If that’s the case, choose a darker colour undercoat.

Moreover, if you’re looking for a cosy feel, use a darker undercoat. Dark colours create a sense of warmth and seclusion, but they also shrink the room’s appearance. 

Pro Tip: Dark undercoats are ideal for imperfect surfaces because they reflect less light. 

Colour-matched undercoat increases the depth of the finish and gives a streak-free, even coating. Some colours, like red and yellow, are hard to cover, so choosing a darker undercoat stops the red and yellow pigments from bleeding through and changing the topcoat colour.

Last but not least, darker colours are great if you’ve got children and pets because they hide stains like grubby handprints. 

Pro Tip: If you lack the time, skill, or motivation to complete your painting project yourself, find a trusted decorator in your local area on Rated People.


Things to Consider When Choosing Undercoat Colour

white and green colored wall painted with roller

Below are the other essential points to remember when choosing a suitable colour undercoat for your next decorating project.


Colour Durability

Lighter colours reflect sunlight, making them better at dealing with UV radiation. 

Sunlight is brutal at fading darker colours faster than lighter shades. Look at your exterior paintwork if you want to know what UV does to paintwork. 

Some colours fade faster than others. We spoke earlier about red and yellow, and these two colours are the worst culprits when exposed to UV rays. Remember, the darker the colour, the faster it fades because it absorbs more UV. 


Quality of the Surface

According to Dulux, a low Light Reflective Value (LRV), combined with a low sheen level, scatters light rather than reflects it. If you’re worried that your surface quality is poor, this combination will highlight every imperfection. 


Heat Absorption

Darker colours absorb more heat because they reflect less light. This effect causes heat expansion, putting more pressure on painted surfaces. Newer paint copes better with heat expansion, while ageing paint breaks down. 

Heat expansion also causes increased moisture, which creates blistering when you paint over existing painted surfaces with a darker undercoat. 


Your Location

The heat that darker colours absorb is released through your walls to increase the ambient temperature. 

If you live in the Outer Hebrides, this warming effect is perfect. I.e. it makes the most of the natural light and hopefully reduces your heating bills. 

However, if you live in the south of England, you might want to consider a lighter colour to reflect more light and keep the room cooler. 


Your Taste

Creating a black and gold homage to a mid-1980s lounge may be your thing, but others may not share your bold colour tastes. It’s why most people stick to neutral shades, especially landlords

Plus, you want your home to feel light and airy, especially if you’re selling it. Now is not the time to release your inner colour extrovert because it could affect the value of your home.


Ease of Maintenance

Painting your walls with a darker undercoat and topcoat may seem like a great idea, but it does take some maintenance to keep them looking good. I.e. the colour fades faster in sunlight, and it shows every chip and scratch. 

And when you get bored of living inside a mocked up Regency drawing room, you have to consider the difficulty of transitioning back to lighter colours.


Ease of Application

The best way to apply an undercoat is with a brush or roller. 

Your paintbrush should be two to three inches and have no-drop bristles. Always use a paintbrush to cut in around corners and door/window frames. 

You can fill in the centre sections of the wall with a roller. If you want a super smooth finish, consider dry brushing out the air bubbles created by the roller. 

When the paint dries, lightly sand the surface with 220-grit sandpaper


Why Do I Need an Undercoat?

If you want your freshly painted surfaces to look pristine for as long as possible, you should apply an undercoat. Undercoat gives the topcoat better surface adhesion. 

You’ll also need an undercoat to transition from a darker shade to a lighter colour. Painting directly onto a bold colour with lighter paint makes the surface look patchy, and it also takes a lot more paint to get an even coating. 

Topcoat is expensive, so don’t waste your money slapping three or four coats onto the walls when you can spend less using an undercoat. 


What’s the Difference Between Undercoat and Primer?

worker applying primer on a wooden surface

Primer is used on untreated materials to seal and create a high-bonding surface for the topcoat. 

You should never paint directly onto untreated plasterboard, brick and masonry, or fresh plaster without priming the surface first. 

Primer contains fewer colour pigments and more binders, so it’s better for porous and lower quality surfaces. It’s also why most primers are white.

You‘ll rue the day you skipped priming and applied topcoat onto a bare wall. I found out the hard way, so believe me when I say it won’t work! Remember, topcoat is expensive, and without a primer, all that lovely paint will absorb into the wall.

Primer also prevents several layers of paint from seeping or bleeding together. If the colours merge on the wall, you’ll have a muddy mess of colour. 

Undercoat is similar to primer but with one key difference: it contains more colour pigment and fewer binders. If the wall already has a painted surface, choose undercoat over primer to create a neutral surface for the new topcoat. 

Undercoat is also better at preparing quality surfaces with lower porosity (e.g. plyboard). Plus, if you want to create deep, brooding colours that feel warm and cosy, an undercoat enhances your colour depth. 

You can buy an undercoat and primer-in-one, saving you time and money. However, these combined paints typically come in white, limiting your choice. 


Final Thoughts

So, if you’re painting a darker wall with a lighter topcoat colour, use a neutral undercoat like white or cream. 

However, if you’re covering a lighter wall with a darker topcoat shade, use a colour-matched undercoat to give depth to the finish. 

Maybe you want a freshly painted room but lack the skills or appetite to complete the task yourself? If so, check out our How Much to Paint a Room guide to estimate costs, including hiring a pro.


FAQs – What Colour Undercoat to Use

What colour should my undercoat be?

Your undercoat should match as closely to the topcoat colour as possible. If you change a darker colour to light, choose a white undercoat to neutralise the bold shades beneath.

If you’re going from light to dark, choose a coloured undercoat to help deepen the final finish.

Does the colour of the undercoat matter?

The colour of the undercoat only matters if you’re trying to cover a darker wall with a lighter shade. For example, if you paint directly onto a brown wall with a white topcoat, the lighter colour will struggle to conceal the paint beneath. It’ll take several coats to get an even coating.

By covering the wall with a cheaper white undercoat, you can neutralise the darker colour, ready for the topcoat. 

Should I use a grey or white undercoat?

It all depends on the colour of the topcoat. You shouldn’t use a grey undercoat with a cream topcoat, but you can use a white undercoat with a dark topcoat.

Does it matter what undercoat to use?

White neutralises darker colours, while greys and other tones enhance darker colour topcoats. 

If you want to add depth to your walls, consider using a darker undercoat. The reverse is true if your goal is to reflect light.